• 24-hour child development center
  • accessories
  • Accounting & Tax Services
  • Accounting & Tax ServicesFinancial Services
  • Accounting and Tax Services
  • accounting firm
  • Accounting Services
  • advertising
  • African Restaurant
  • african store
  • American Restaurant
  • Apparel
  • Apparel & clothing
  • Architects
  • architecture firm
  • Art
  • art and design / clothing
  • art and gift shop
  • art business
  • art crafts
  • Art gallery
  • art shop
  • art space and platform
  • art studio and gallery
  • Artist
  • Artist/Musician
  • arts
  • Arts & Crafts Store
  • Arts & Culture
  • Arts & entertainment
  • Arts Cooperative
  • Author
  • auto detailing
  • auto detailing & car wash
  • Auto detailing and car wash
  • auto detailing for personal vehicles
  • Auto Industry
  • Auto repair
  • imageAutomotive
  • Automotive Repair Shop
  • Baby Products
  • bags
  • Bakeries & Sweets
  • Bakery
  • Bakery & Cafe
  • Bakery & Pastry
  • Bakery and Cafe
  • bakeshop
  • ballroom and Latin dance studio
  • Bank
  • imageBank & Finance
  • Banking
  • Bar
  • Bar & Grill
  • Bar & restaurant with games
  • Bar and Grill
  • bar and lounge
  • Bar Soap
  • Barbecue / Catering
  • Barbecue Restaurant
  • Barbeque
  • Barber shop
  • Barber Shops & Hair Salons
  • Barbershop
  • Bars & Bakeries
  • bath & body
  • BBQ Food
  • Beauty
  • imageBeauty & Spa
  • beauty and wellness
  • Beauty Bar
  • Beauty Depot
  • Beauty Salon
  • Bed and Breakfast
  • Beer Bar
  • beverages
  • Bike Shop
  • birth center
  • Black University
  • blankets
  • books
  • Books / Author
  • Bookstore
  • Bookstore & Coffee Shop
  • Bookstore/Publishing
  • Boutique
  • boutique agency
  • Boutique and Home Decor
  • boutique spa
  • Boutique Store
  • Breakfast & Brunch Restaurant
  • Brewery
  • Brewery & Oyster bar
  • Bridal Shop
  • Bridal veils and accessories
  • Builders & Realtors
  • Burger
  • Burger food truck
  • Business & Professional Services
  • business coaching
  • Business Consultant
  • Business Consulting
  • Business service
  • Business services
  • business services and consulting firm
  • business solutions
  • business tax preparation
  • Business Technology Solutions
  • Cafe
  • cafe and gift shop
  • Cake Shop
  • Cakes
  • Cakes and Ice Cream store
  • cakes shop
  • Candle Company
  • Candle shop
  • Candy Store
  • Car Wash
  • car wash and lube center
  • care service
  • Cargo & Freight Company
  • Caribbean Restaurant
  • Caterer
  • Caterer / Bakery
  • Catering
  • Catering & Private Chefs
  • CBD & Holistic HealthMental Health Care & Life Coaching
  • Ceramics
  • cereal bar
  • charging station
  • Charity
  • Charity Organization
  • Childcare
  • children’s clothing
  • Chocolate Shop
  • Chocolate Store
  • cigar
  • civil rights organization
  • clean energy company/solar company
  • Cleaning
  • Cleaning Services
  • Clothing
  • Clothing (Brand)
  • Clothing / Fashion
  • Clothing / Jewelry
  • Clothing & Accessories
  • Clothing store
  • co-working space
  • Coach
  • Coaching
  • Cocktail Bar
  • cocktail supplies
  • Coffee
  • Coffee and Tea Shop
  • Coffee bar
  • Coffee shop
  • Coffee Shops
  • Comfort Food Restaurant
  • Comic Bookstore
  • Comics
  • communications company
  • Community
  • Community Organizations
  • Community Services & Non-Profits
  • Composting service
  • Confections
  • Construction
  • construction company
  • Construction Contractor
  • Construction Designs
  • Construction Development
  • Construction Services
  • Construction Solutions
  • Consultant
  • consultants
  • Consulting
  • Consulting Agency
  • consulting and brand management company
  • consulting firm
  • Consulting/seminars
  • Contractor
  • cooking class
  • cosmetic & personal care
  • Cosmetic dentist
  • Cosmetic Dentistry
  • cosmetics
  • Cosmetics store
  • Cosmetology school
  • Counseling
  • CPA
  • Craft Store
  • crafts
  • creative publishing agency
  • creative services
  • credit card processing
  • Credit Experts
  • Credit Restoration
  • Credit Union
  • Cultural/Arts
  • Culture & Entertainment
  • Cupcake Shop
  • Cupcakes and more
  • Custom Cards
  • Custom furniture
  • Custom satellite dishes
  • Dance Center
  • Dance Studio
  • Day Care
  • Day Spa
  • Decor & Homeware
  • decor shops
  • Deli
  • Delivery service
  • Demolition & Excavation
  • Dental
  • Dental and Orthodontic Office
  • Dental Clinic
  • Dentist
  • Designer
  • Dessert
  • Dessert Shop
  • Desserts
  • Diffuser
  • digital marketing
  • digital marketing solutions
  • digital media company
  • directory
  • Distillery
  • distributor of herbs
  • DJ & Emcee
  • Doctor
  • Donut Shop
  • donuts
  • Doula support
  • Education
  • Education & Training
  • Education & Tutoring
  • Educational Consultant
  • entertainment
  • Entertainment & Music
  • Entertainment Management and Concierge Service.
  • Ethiopian Restaurant
  • Event Planner
  • Event Planners
  • Event Planning
  • Event Planning and Event Space
  • Events Place
  • exotics
  • expert tree services
  • Eye care service
  • eyebrow sculpting
  • eyelash salon
  • eyewear
  • Farm / Agriculture
  • Farmers
  • imageFashion
  • Fashion & Apparel
  • Fashion and Culture
  • Fast food restaurant
  • filtration company
  • Finance and Auto Industry
  • Financial Advisors
  • Financial and Banking
  • Financial Consulations
  • Financial Education
  • Financial service
  • Financial Services
  • financial solutions
  • Finane and Banking
  • Fine Artist
  • fire protection company
  • Fitness
  • Fitness Center
  • Fitness Class
  • Fitness Facility
  • fitness gym
  • fleets and dealerships.
  • flooring solution / construction
  • Floral design studio
  • Floral studio
  • florist
  • Florists
  • Flower Shop
  • flowers and gifts
  • Flowershop
  • Food
  • Food & beverage
  • Food & beverage company
  • Food & Drink Shops
  • Food & Recipes
  • food and beverages
  • Food delivery service
  • Food Stand
  • Food Truck
  • Food Trucks & Catering
  • Food/Cookies
  • Footwear store
  • Franchise Consultant Agency
  • fruits
  • Funeral Services
  • Furniture
  • Furniture store
  • Gallery / Theatre
  • Gallery/Art
  • Garage Door Service
  • General Dentist
  • Gift Ideas
  • Gift Shop
  • gift shop/coffee shop
  • gift shops
  • glassware
  • Golf Resort
  • gourmet popcorn
  • Gourmet street food
  • government
  • Graphic Design & Media
  • Graphic Designer
  • Greeting cards
  • Groceries
  • grocery store
  • Gun Store
  • gym
  • Gym/Physical Fitness Center
  • hair & skin care products
  • hair and nail salon
  • Hair and Nails
  • Hair Care
  • Hair Care Services
  • Hair essentials
  • hair extensions
  • Hair Extensions Service
  • Hair Removal Service
  • Hair Salon
  • Hair Salons
  • Hair Salons / Barber Shops
  • Hair studio
  • Hardware company
  • Hat Shop
  • Hats
  • imageHealth & Medical
  • Health & Wellness
  • Health and Beauty
  • Health and Medical
  • Health and Wellness
  • Health Care
  • Health Care / Doctor
  • Health Food Store
  • health services
  • Health/beauty
  • Healthy Juice
  • Herbal
  • herbs and spices
  • Hip Hop Yoga Studio
  • Home
  • home care
  • Home Cleaning Services
  • Home Decor
  • Home Décor & Accessories
  • Home Goods
  • Home Services
  • Homemade Jams
  • hospital
  • Hotels & Lodging
  • imageHotels & Resorts
  • Houseplants
  • Housing Consultation
  • human resources and communications consulting firm
  • Ice Cream shop
  • ice cream store
  • illustration
  • illustrator
  • Independent Bookstore
  • Indoor Market
  • Information Technology Company
  • Insurance
  • Insurance agency
  • Insurance Broker
  • Interior and landscape design
  • Interior design
  • interior design services
  • Interior Design Studio
  • interior designer
  • Investment
  • Investors
  • IT Consulting Group
  • IT Solutions for Business
  • Jamaican Restaurant
  • Jazz Club
  • Jewelry
  • Jewelry & Accessories
  • jewelry store
  • juice bar and wellness shop
  • Juicery
  • Juices And Smoothies
  • kids boutique
  • Kitchen/cooking
  • Labor & Employment Lawyer
  • Landscape Company
  • Landscapes
  • Landscaping
  • laundry service
  • Laundry Services
  • Law firm
  • Law Firms / Attorneys
  • imageLawyer
  • Lawyer & Law Firm
  • Lawyers
  • Liquor
  • LIve music Venue
  • Local business
  • Logistics
  • Lounge
  • luxury candle
  • Luxury gift design
  • Luxury Salon
  • Magazine
  • Magazine Distributor
  • Marketing
  • Marketing & Branding
  • Marketing Agency
  • marketing and PR firm
  • Marketing Solutions
  • Marketing Specialist / Consultant
  • martial arts classes
  • Martial Arts School
  • martial arts training
  • masks
  • Massage
  • massage service
  • Massage Therapy
  • Media and Arts
  • Medical & health
  • Medical Company
  • Medical Lab
  • medical supply brokerage and distribution company
  • Men's clothing
  • Men's clothing store
  • Mental Health Care & Life Coaching
  • Mental Health Service
  • Merchandise
  • mobile app
  • Mobile Bartending
  • Mobile detailing
  • Mobile food truck
  • Mobile hot dog stand
  • Mobile laundry service
  • Motivational Speaker
  • Moving & Storage Service
  • Museum
  • museum and event space
  • Mushroom Farm
  • Music
  • Music & Entertainment
  • Music & Vinyl
  • music and entertainment
  • Music Lessons & Instruction School
  • Music Production Studio
  • Musicians
  • Nail Artist
  • Nail Salon
  • Newborn Care Provider
  • News and Media
  • Newspaper
  • Non profit corporation
  • non profit organization
  • nonprofit agency
  • Nonprofit organization
  • Nurseries & Gardening Store
  • OBGYNs
  • office supplies
  • online boutique
  • online marketing services
  • Organic Drink
  • organic food
  • Orthodontist
  • Party & Events
  • Party Entertainment Service
  • party needs
  • pastry shop
  • Payment processing technology
  • payroll and bookkeeping
  • personal development courses / social wellness
  • Pest Control Service
  • Pet care
  • Pet Groomer
  • Pet services
  • pet wash
  • Petcare and Homecare
  • Petroleum Service
  • Pharmacy/drugstore
  • photo booth services
  • photobooth
  • Photographer
  • photography
  • Photography & Videography
  • Photography & Videography Studio
  • Photography studio
  • Photography studio and event space
  • pizza parlor
  • Pizza shop
  • Pizza store
  • Pizzeria
  • plant based shop
  • Plants
  • podcast
  • popcorn
  • popcorn shop
  • popcorn store
  • Pottery
  • Pregnancy Care Center
  • Printing
  • Printing Service
  • products and service
  • Professional Ballet
  • professional DJ services
  • professional moving company/Transportation
  • Professional Photographer
  • Professional Services
  • Professional Training & Coaching
  • Pub
  • public relations
  • Quilts
  • imageReal Estate
  • Real Estate & Property Management
  • real estate agency
  • Real Estate Agent
  • Real Estate Company
  • Real Estate Firm
  • Real Estate Service
  • Realtor
  • recruiting firm
  • refill shop
  • Renovation & Repair
  • Rental Studio
  • Rental Tent
  • Residential and commercial cleaning
  • Restauarant
  • imageRestaurant
  • Restaurant / Bar
  • Restaurant / Catering
  • Restaurant & Lounge
  • Restaurant and bar
  • Restaurant and Cafe
  • Restaurant Wholesaler
  • Restaurant/Pizza
  • Restaurants
  • Retail
  • Retail company
  • retail shop
  • Retail Shops
  • Retail/Education
  • Rice Product
  • robotic burger vending machine
  • Roller skating center
  • Rubs / Seasonings
  • safety products
  • Salon
  • Salon and Spa
  • Sandwich Shop
  • sanitizing and disinfecting
  • school
  • Screen printing company
  • Seafood Market
  • Seafood Restaurant
  • Security and Transportation
  • security company
  • Security Services
  • self-care needs
  • Seniorcare
  • Service Provider Platform: Tutoring
  • imageServices
  • Shoe Repair Shop
  • Shoe store
  • shoes
  • Shopping & retail
  • Skin Care
  • Skin Care / Spa
  • Skin Care & Beauty
  • Skin Care Service
  • Skin care/Body care
  • skin products
  • Smoothie & Juice
  • Smoothie & Juice Bar
  • Smoothies
  • smoothies and juices
  • Social Enterprise
  • Social Lounge
  • Solutions Provider
  • Soul Food Restaurant
  • Southern Restaurant
  • Spa
  • Spa & Pampering
  • specialized products
  • Specialty Grocery Store
  • Specialty Shoppes & Gifts
  • Spirits & Bartenders
  • Spirits & BartendersWines
  • Sports & Fitness
  • Sports & Fitness Instruction
  • Sports & recreation
  • Sports Academy
  • Sports Lounge
  • staffing agency
  • Stationary & Gift Wrap
  • Steel Fabricator
  • Story Teller
  • Streetwear & Lifestyle Brand
  • Streetwear Apparel
  • string
  • Styling Agency
  • Sung glasses / Accessories
  • Swimming and kayak lessons
  • Tattoo & Piercing shop & Bar
  • Tattoo Parlor
  • Tax Preparation Service
  • Tax Services
  • Tax Solutions
  • Tea Bar
  • Tea Company
  • technology support and research consulting
  • Teens & Kids Website
  • telecommunications
  • Theater
  • Theatre
  • threading and scarf-making needs
  • Threading Service
  • thrift shop
  • Tobacco Company
  • Tobacco Store
  • Tour Company
  • Tours
  • toys and accessories
  • Transportation
  • Transportation and Hospitality
  • Transportation Service
  • Travel
  • Tutorial Services
  • Underwear store
  • Urban Farm
  • Vegan comfort food
  • Vegan food
  • Vegan Restaurant
  • vegetables
  • Vegetarian Restaurant
  • Vegetarian/Vegan Restaurant
  • Vintage stoves and stove restoration
  • Virtual Business Services
  • Water Ice product
  • Water Purification Services
  • Web Design and Coaching Studio
  • website design & marketing for small businesses
  • Wedding & Event Planner
  • Wedding photographer
  • wedding planning and design boutique
  • Wellness
  • Wellness and Beauty
  • wellness center
  • wellness club
  • Wellness Studio
  • wig store
  • Wigs
  • Wine and craft beer store
  • Wine Bar
  • wine shop
  • Winery
  • Wines
  • Women's clothing store
  • Women’s wellness clinic
  • workshops
  • yarn
  • yoga classes
  • yoga studio
  • Youth Organization

When you visit Crenshaw Professional Dental Center, your smile is our top priority. Our entire team is dedicated to providing you with the personalized,
gentle care that you deserve. Part of our commitment to serving our patients includes providing information that helps them to make more informed decisions
about their oral health needs.

Q What should I do if I have bad breath?

Bad breath (halitosis) can be an unpleasant and embarrassing condition. Many of us may not realize that we have bad breath, but
everyone has it from time to time, especially in the morning.

There are various reasons one may have bad breath, but in healthy people, the major reason is due to microbial deposits on the tongue,
especially the back of the tongue. Some studies have shown that simply brushing the tongue reduced bad breath by as much as 70

What may cause bad breath?

Morning time – Saliva flow almost stops during sleep and its reduced cleansing action allows bacteria to grow, causing bad breath.
Certain foods – Garlic, onions, etc. Foods containing odor-causing compounds enter the blood stream; they are transferred to the
lungs, where they are exhaled.
Poor oral hygiene habits – Food particles remaining in the mouth promote bacterial growth.
Periodontal (gum) disease – Colonies of bacteria and food debris residing under inflamed gums.
Dental cavities and improperly fitted dental appliances – May also contribute to bad breath.
Dry mouth (Xerostomia) – May be caused by certain medications, salivary gland problems, or continuous mouth breathing.
Tobacco products – Dry the mouth, causing bad breath.
Dieting – Certain chemicals called ketones are released in the breath as the body burns fat.
Dehydration, hunger, and missed meals – Drinking water and chewing food increases saliva flow and washes bacteria away.
Certain medical conditions and illnesses – Diabetes, liver and kidney problems, chronic sinus infections, bronchitis, and pneumonia
are several conditions that may contribute to bad breath.
Keeping a record of what you eat may help identify the cause of bad breath. Also, review your current medications, recent surgeries,
or illnesses with you dentist.

What can I do to prevent bad breath?

Practice good oral hygiene – Brush at least twice a day with an ADA approved fluoride toothpaste and toothbrush. Floss daily to
remove food debris and plaque from in between the teeth and under the gumline. Brush or use a tongue scraper to clean the tongue
and reach the back areas. Replace your toothbrush every 2 to 3 months. If you wear dentures or removable bridges, clean them
thoroughly and place them back in your mouth in the morning.
See your dentist regularly – Get a check-up and cleaning at least twice a year. If you have or have had periodontal disease, your
dentist will recommend more frequent visits.
Stop smoking/chewing tobacco – Ask your dentist what they recommend to help break the habit.
Drink water frequently – Water will help keep your mouth moist and wash away bacteria.
Use mouthwash/rinses – Some over-the-counter products only provide a temporary solution to mask unpleasant mouth odor. Ask
your dentist about antiseptic rinses that not only alleviate bad breath, but also kill the germs that cause the problem.
In most cases, your dentist can treat the cause of bad breath. If it is determined that your mouth is healthy, but bad breath is
persistent, your dentist may refer you to your physician to determine the cause of the odor and an appropriate treatment plan.

Q How often should I brush and floss?

Brushing and flossing help control the plaque and bacteria that cause dental disease.

Plaque is a film of food debris, bacteria, and saliva that sticks to the teeth and gums. The bacteria in plaque convert certain food
particles into acids that cause tooth decay. Also, if plaque is not removed, it turns into calculus (tartar). If plaque and calculus are
not removed, they begin to destroy the gums and bone, causing periodontal (gum) disease.

Plaque formation and growth is continuous and can only be controlled by regular brushing, flossing, and the use of other dental aids.

Toothbrushing – Brush your teeth at least twice a day (especially before going to bed at night) with an ADA approved soft bristle brush
and toothpaste.

Brush at a 45 degree angle to the gums, gently using a small, circular motion, ensuring that you always feel the bristles on the gums.
Brush the outer, inner, and biting surfaces of each tooth.
Use the tip of the brush head to clean the inside front teeth.
Brush your tongue to remove bacteria and freshen your breath.
Electric toothbrushes are also recommended. They are easy to use and can remove plaque efficiently. Simply place the bristles of
the electric brush on your gums and teeth and allow the brush to do its job, several teeth at a time.

Flossing – Daily flossing is the best way to clean between the teeth and under the gumline. Flossing not only helps clean these
spaces, it disrupts plaque colonies from building up, preventing damage to the gums, teeth, and bone.

Take 12-16 inches (30-40cm) of dental floss and wrap it around your middle fingers, leaving about 2 inches (5cm) of floss between
the hands.
Using your thumbs and forefingers to guide the floss, gently insert the floss between teeth using a sawing motion.
Curve the floss into a “C” shape around each tooth and under the gumline. Gently move the floss up and down, cleaning the side of
each tooth.
Floss holders are recommended if you have difficulty using conventional floss.

Rinsing – It is important to rinse your mouth with water after brushing, and also after meals if you are unable to brush. If you are
using an over-the-counter product for rinsing, it’s a good idea to consult with your dentist or dental hygienist on its appropriateness
for you.

Q Are amalgam (silver) fillings safe?

Over the years there has been some concern as to the safety of amalgam (silver) fillings. An amalgam is a blend of copper, silver, tin
and zinc, bound by elemental mercury. Dentists have used this blended metal to fill teeth for more than 100 years. The controversy is
due to claims that the exposure to the vapor and minute particles from the mercury can cause a variety of health problems.

According to the American Dental Association (ADA), up to 76% of dentists use silver containing mercury to fill teeth. The ADA also
states that silver fillings are safe and that studies have failed to find any link between silver containing mercury and any medical disorder.

The general consensus is that amalgam (silver) fillings are safe. Along with the ADA’s position, the Center for Disease Control (CDC),
the World Health Organization, the FDA, and others support the use of silver fillings as safe, durable, and cost effective. The U.S.
Public Health Service says that the only reason not to use silver fillings is when a patient has an allergy to any component of this type
of filling. The ADA has had fewer than 100 reported incidents of an allergy to components of silver fillings, and this is out of countless
millions of silver fillings over the decades.

Although studies indicate that there are no measurable health risks to patients who have silver fillings, we do know that mercury is a
toxic material when we are exposed at high, unsafe levels. For instance, we have been warned to limit the consumption of certain
types of fish that carry high levels of mercury in them. However, with respect to amalgam fillings, the ADA maintains that when the
mercury combines with the other components of the filling, it becomes an inactive substance that is safe.

There are numerous options to silver fillings, including composite (tooth-colored), porcelain, and gold fillings. We encourage you to
discuss these options with your dentist so you can determine which is the best option for you.

Q How often should I have a dental exam and cleaning?

You should have your teeth checked and cleaned at least twice a year, though your dentist or dental hygienist may recommend more
frequent visits.

Regular dental exams and cleaning visits are essential in preventing dental problems and maintaining the health of your teeth and
gums. At these visits, your teeth are cleaned and checked for cavities. Additionally, there are many other things that are checked and
monitored to help detect, prevent, and maintain your dental health. These include:

Medical history review: Knowing the status of any current medical conditions, new medications, and illnesses, gives us insight to your
overall health and also your dental health.
Examination of diagnostic x-rays (radiographs): Essential for detection of decay, tumors, cysts, and bone loss. X-rays also help
determine tooth and root positions.
Oral cancer screening: Check the face, neck, lips, tongue, throat, tissues, and gums for any signs of oral cancer.
Gum disease evaluation: Check the gums and bone around the teeth for any signs of periodontal disease.
Examination of tooth decay: All tooth surfaces will be checked for decay with special dental instruments.
Examination of existing restorations: Check current fillings, crowns, etc.
Removal of calculus (tartar): Calculus is hardened plaque that has been left on the tooth for sometime and is now firmly attached to the
tooth surface. Calculus forms above and below the gum line, and can only be removed with special dental instruments.
Removal of plaque: Plaque is a sticky, almost invisible film that forms on the teeth. It is a growing colony of living bacteria, food debris,
and saliva. The bacteria produce toxins (poisons) that inflame the gums. This inflammation is the start of periodontal disease!
Teeth polishing: Removes stain and plaque that is not otherwise removed during toothbrushing and scaling.
Oral hygiene recommendations: Review and recommend oral hygiene aids as needed (electric dental toothbrushes, special cleaning
aids, fluorides, rinses, etc.).
Review dietary habits: Your eating habits play a very important role in your dental health.
As you can see, a good dental exam and cleaning involves quite a lot more than just checking for cavities and polishing your teeth.
We are committed to providing you with the best possible care, and to do so will require regular check-ups and cleanings.

Q How can I tell if I have gingivitis or periodontitis (gum disease)?

Four out of five people have periodontal disease and don’t know it! Most people are not aware of it because the disease is usually
painless in the early stages. Unlike tooth decay, which often causes discomfort, it is possible to have periodontal disease without
noticeable symptoms. Having regular dental check-ups and periodontal examinations are very important and will help detect if
periodontal problems exist.

Periodontal disease begins when plaque, a sticky, colorless, film of bacteria, food debris, and saliva, is left on the teeth and gums.
The bacteria produce toxins (acids) that inflame the gums and slowly destroy the bone. Brushing and flossing regularly and properly
will ensure that plaque is not left behind to do its damage.

Other than poor oral hygiene, there are several other factors that may increase the risk of developing periodontal disease:

Smoking or chewing tobacco – Tobacco users are more likely than nonusers to form plaque and tartar on their teeth.
Certain tooth or appliance conditions – Bridges that no longer fit properly, crowded teeth, or defective fillings that may trap plaque and
Many medications – Steroids, cancer therapy drugs, blood pressure meds, oral contraceptives. Some medications have side affects
that reduce saliva, making the mouth dry and plaque easier to adhere to the teeth and gums.
Pregnancy, oral contraceptives, and puberty – Can cause changes in hormone levels, causing gum tissue to become more sensitive
to bacteria toxins.
Systemic diseases – Diabetes, blood cell disorders, HIV / AIDS, etc.
Genetics may play role – Some patients may be predisposed to a more aggressive type of periodontitis. Patients with a family history
of tooth loss should pay particular attention to their gums.
Signs and Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

Red and puffy gums – Gums should never be red or swollen.
Bleeding gums – Gums should never bleed, even when you brush vigorously or use dental floss.
Persistent bad breath – Caused by bacteria in the mouth.
New spacing between teeth – Caused by bone loss.
Loose teeth – Also caused by bone loss or weakened periodontal fibers (fibers that support the tooth to the bone).
Pus around the teeth and gums – Sign that there is an infection present.
Receding gums – Loss of gum around a tooth.
Tenderness or Discomfort – Plaque, calculus, and bacteria irritate the gums and teeth.
Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.

Q Why is it important to use dental floss?

Brushing our teeth removes food particles, plaque, and bacteria from all tooth surfaces, except in between the teeth. Unfortunately,
our toothbrush can’t reach these areas that are highly susceptible to decay and periodontal (gum) disease.

Daily flossing is the best way to clean between the teeth and under the gumline. Flossing not only helps clean these spaces, it
disrupts plaque colonies from building up, preventing damage to the gums, teeth, and bone.

Plaque is a sticky, almost invisible film that forms on the teeth. It is a growing colony of living bacteria, food debris, and saliva. The
bacteria produce toxins (acids) that cause cavities and irritate and inflame the gums. Also, when plaque is not removed above and
below the gumline, it hardens and turns into calculus (tartar). This will further irritate and inflame the gums and also slowly destroy
the bone. This is the beginning of periodontal disease.

How to floss properly:

Take 12-16 inches (30-40cm) of dental floss and wrap it around your middle fingers, leaving about 2 inches (5cm) of floss between
the hands.
Using your thumbs and forefingers to guide the floss, gently insert the floss between teeth using a sawing motion.
Curve the floss into a “C” shape around each tooth and under the gumline. Gently move the floss up and down, cleaning the side of
each tooth.
Floss holders are recommended if you have difficulty using conventional floss.

Daily flossing will help you keep a healthy, beautiful smile for life!

Q How can cosmetic dentistry help improve the appearance of my smile?

If you’re feeling somewhat self-conscious about your teeth, or just want to improve your smile, cosmetic dental treatments may be the
answer to a more beautiful, confident smile.

Cosmetic dentistry has become very popular in the last several years, not only due to the many advances in cosmetic dental
procedures and materials available today, but also because patients are becoming more and more focused on improving their overall
health. This includes dental prevention and having a healthier, whiter, more radiant smile.

There are many cosmetic dental procedures available to improve your teeth and enhance your smile. Depending on your particular
needs, cosmetic dental treatments can change your smile dramatically, from restoring a single tooth to having a full mouth make-over.
Ask your dentist how you can improve the health and beauty of your smile with cosmetic dentistry.

Cosmetic Procedures:

Teeth Whitening: Bleaching lightens teeth that have been stained or discolored by age, food, drink, and smoking. Teeth darkened as a
result of injury or taking certain medications can also be bleached, but the effectiveness depends on the degree of staining present.

Composite (tooth-colored) Fillings: Also known as “bonding”, composite fillings are now widely used instead of amalgam (silver) fillings
to repair teeth with cavities, and also to replace old defective fillings. Tooth-colored fillings are also used to repair chipped, broken, or
discolored teeth. This type of filling is also very useful to fill in gaps and to protect sensitive, exposed root surfaces caused by gum

Porcelain Veneers: Veneers are thin custom-made, tooth-colored shells that are bonded onto the fronts of teeth to create a beautiful
individual smile. They can help restore or camouflage damaged, discolored, poorly shaped, or misaligned teeth. Unlike crowns,
veneers require minimal tooth structure to be removed from the surface of the tooth.

Porcelain Crowns (caps): A crown is a tooth-colored, custom-made covering that encases the entire tooth surface restoring it to its
original shape and size. Crowns protect and strengthen teeth that cannot be restored with fillings or other types of restorations.
They are ideal for teeth that have large, fractured or broken fillings and also for those that are badly decayed.

Dental Implants: Dental implants are artificial roots that are surgically placed into the jaw to replace one or more missing teeth.
Porcelain crowns, bridges, and dentures can be made specifically to fit and attach to implants, giving a patient a strong, stable, and
durable solution to removable dental appliances.

Orthodontics: Less visible and more effective brackets and wires are making straightening teeth with orthodontics much more appealing
to adult patients. Also, in some cases, teeth may be straightened with custom-made, clear, removable aligners that require no braces.

Thanks to the advances in modern dentistry, cosmetic treatments can make a difference in making your smile shine!

Q What are porcelain veneers and how can they improve my smile?

Porcelain veneers are very thin shells of tooth-shaped porcelain that are individually crafted to cover the fronts of teeth. They are very
durable and will not stain, making them a very popular solution for those seeking to restore or enhance the beauty of their smile.

Veneers may be used to restore or correct the following dental conditions:

Severely discolored or stained teeth
Unwanted or uneven spaces
Worn or chipped teeth
Slight tooth crowding
Misshapen teeth
Teeth that are too small or large
Getting veneers usually requires two visits. Veneers are created from an impression (mold) of your teeth that is then sent to a
professional dental laboratory where each veneer is custom-made (for shape and color) for your individual smile.

With little or no anesthesia, teeth are prepared by lightly buffing and shaping the front surface of the teeth to allow for the small
thickness of veneers. The veneers are carefully fitted and bonded onto the tooth surface with special bonding cements and
occasionally a specialized light may be used to harden and set the bond.

Veneers are an excellent dental treatment that can dramatically improve your teeth and give you a natural, beautiful smile.

Q What can I do about stained or discolored teeth?

Since teeth whitening has now become the number one aesthetic concern of many patients, there are many products and methods
available to achieve a brighter smile.

Professional teeth whitening (or bleaching) is a simple, non-invasive dental treatment used to change the color of natural tooth enamel,
and is an ideal way to enhance the beauty of your smile. Over-the-counter products are also available, but they are much less effective
than professional treatments and may not be approved by the American Dental Association (ADA).

As we age, the outer layer of tooth enamel wears away, eventually revealing a darker or yellow shade. The color of our teeth also
comes from the inside of the tooth, which may become darker over time. Smoking, drinking coffee, tea, and wine may also contribute
to tooth discoloration, making our teeth yellow and dull. Sometimes, teeth can become discolored from taking certain medications as a
child, such as tetracycline. Excessive fluoridation (fluorosis) during tooth development can also cause teeth to become discolored.

It’s important to have your teeth evaluated by your dentist to determine if you’re a good candidate for bleaching. Occasionally,
tetracycline and fluorosis stains are difficult to bleach and your dentist may offer other options, such as veneers or crowns to cover up
such stains. Since teeth whitening only works on natural tooth enamel, it is also important to evaluate replacement of any old fillings,
crowns, etc. before bleaching begins. Once the bleaching is done, your dentist can match the new restorations to the shade of the
newly whitened teeth.

Since teeth whitening is not permanent, a touch-up may be needed every several years to keep your smile looking bright.

The most widely used professional teeth whitening systems:

Home teeth whitening systems: At-home products usually come in a gel form that is placed in a custom-fitted mouthguard (tray),
created from a mold of your teeth. The trays are worn either twice a day for approximately 30 minutes, or overnight while you sleep.
It usually takes several weeks to achieve the desired results depending on the degree of staining and the desired level of whitening.

In office teeth whitening: This treatment is done in the dental office and you will see results immediately. It may require more than one
visit, with each visit lasting 30 to 60 minutes. While your gums are protected, a bleaching solution is applied to the teeth. A special light
may be used to enhance the action of the agent while the teeth are whitened.

Some patients may experience tooth sensitivity after having their teeth whitened. This sensation is temporary and subsides shortly
after you complete the bleaching process, usually within a few days to one weak.

Teeth whitening can be very effective and can give you a brighter, whiter, more confident smile!

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